The coat: Protective layer for the skin


Soft, shiny and oh, with such a good smell. I think we all agree that the coat of the horse is something special. It protects the skin from damage, heat, radiation and especially from the cold. Horses naturally produce a protective layer for their skin - and you can take care of it by using appropriate care products for horses. This post explains why this is important.


The coat: shiny and beautiful

In a purely chemical sense, a hair consists of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, sulfur, iron, copper, iodine and zinc.

One must also look at the coat of a horse in order to maintain healthy skin.

The base of every hair is a follicle, rooted in the upper skin layer (epidermis). Each follicle contains a hair, and they all are connected to tiny muscles. Each contracting muscle creates a shallow depression on the skin surface, which causes the surrounding area to protrude. The contraction also causes the hair to stand up whenever the body feels cold. Raising hairs expand the layer of air that serves as insulation. The thicker the hair layer, the more heat is retained.

The coat protects the skin from damage, heat, radiation and especially from the cold.

"The horse’s skin is water-repellent, due to sebaceous glands excreting sebum. Again, we can support this natural and healthy process by only using the right grooming products adapted to the horse’s skin."

Especially during winter, you shouldn’t take this greasy film off by brushing the coat too often. It has an anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, and immunoregulatory effect. Your horse needs it.

Change of coat: the most important facts

As you know, horses shed their coat twice a year. Shedding occurs when old, dead hair comes loose and falls off. All the hair, except mane and tail, are renewed. Mane and tail keep growing all year.

If we go back to our wild horse scenery, we notice that their natural grooming behavior intensifies during times of change of coat— they help each other getting the old hair out. This grooming process also stimulates the metabolism, having again a positive effect on the shedding process.

Change of coat: the most important facts

The shedding process is an enormous effort for the organism:

  • The better metabolism, digestive and immune system of the horse are functioning, the easier it sheds its coat. Use natural grooming products, especially during this time.

  • The difference in length between day- and night time „tells“ the organism to prepare for coat shedding.

  • The horse produces new hair, even before the old one falls out. The new hair “pushes“ the old one out, gradually drifting out of the skin.

  • Provide the horse with extra nutrients, already before the hair starts shedding.

The horse’s natural behavior and the skin structure tell us pretty much how we should take care of our horses properly. So let’s do it - next week we are going to have a closer look at a good grooming routine.

Talk to you soon, Nicole

#horsehealth #horseskin #grooming #washing #skindisease

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